The initiative is aimed at facilitating domestic companies and foreign direct investment to establish manufacturing base in India. The policy addresses areas of regulation, infrastructure, skill development, technology, availability of finance, exit mechanism and related to the manufacturing sector.
Make in India is a rallying cry for India’s stakeholders and partners, the domestic manufacturing businesses and an invitation to potential partners and investors around the world.
Make in India represents a comprehensive overhaul of out-dated processes and policies. Most importantly, it represents a complete change of the Government’s mindset – a shift from issuing authority to business partner, with a focus on ‘Minimum Government, Maximum Governance’.
The Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP) has built a dedicated help desk and a mobile-first website that provides information in a easy to use portal.
- Increase manufacturing sector growth to 12-14% per annum over the medium term.
- Increase in the share of manufacturing in the country’s Gross Domestic Product from 16% to 25% by 2022.
- Create 100 million additional jobs by 2022 in manufacturing sector.
- Creation of appropriate skill sets among rural migrants and the urban poor for inclusive growth.
- Enhancing the global competitiveness of the Indian manufacturing sector.
- Among the fastest growing economies of the world.
- Favourable demographics with a young population and large number of workers and graduates expected to enter the market over the next 2 decades.
- Relatively low cost of labour
- Strong domestic consumer market
- Excellent education base with strong technical and technological institutes
- Stable and well regulated financial markets
SALIENT FEATURES OF NMF POLICY
- Focus Sectors:
- Employment-intensive industries like textiles and garments, leather and footwear, gems and jewellery and food processing industries.
- Capital goods industries like machine tools, heavy electrical equipment, heavy transport, earthmoving & mining equipment.
- Industries with strategic significance like aerospace, shipping, IT hardware & electronics, telecommunication equipment, defence equipment and solar energy.
- Industries where India enjoys a competitive advantage such as automobiles, pharmaceuticals & medical equipment.
- Small & medium enterprises.
- Public sector enterprises.
- National Investment & Manufacturing Zones (NIMZ):
- National Investment and Manufacturing Zones have been identified to develop industrial greenfield townships to promote world-class manufacturing activities.
- The minimum size of each NIMZ is 5000 hectares (50 square kilometres) wherein the processing area has to be at least 30%.
- Under DMIC:
- Ahmedabad-Dholera Investment region, Gujarat
- Shendra-Bidkin Industrial Park City near Aurangabad, Maharashtra
- Manesar-Bawal investment Region, Haryana
- Khushkhera-Bhiwadi-Neemrana Investment Region, Rajasthan
- Pithampur-Dhar-Mhow Investment Region, Madhya Pradesh
- Dadri-Noida-Ghaziabad Investment Region, Uttar Pradesh
- Dighi-Port Industrial Area, Maharashtra
- Jodhpur-Pali-Marwar region, Rajasthan
- Outside DMIC: 14 NIMZ outside the DMIC region have also been given in-principal approval.
- Kuhi and Umred Taluka of Nagpur district, Maharashtra
- Tumkur, Karnataka
- Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh
- Medak, Telangana
- Prakasam, Andhra Pradesh
- Gulbarga, Karnataka
- Kolar, Karnataka
- Bidar, Karnataka
- Kalinganagar, Jajpur District, Odisha
- Hyderabad Pharma NIM, Rangareddy and Mehbubnagar district of Telegana
- Ramanathapuran, Tamil Nadu
- Ponneri, Tamil Nadu
- Auraiya, Uttar Pradesh
- Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh
- Under DMIC:
SIMPLIFICATION OF THE REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
- The government aims to simplify the process for regulatory processes and facilitate establishing operations under the Make in India policy
- Timelines established for providing regulatory clearances
- Exemptions from rules and regulations related to labour, environment etc. will be provided by the Central and State Governments *(subject to conditions)
- Investment in e-services to provide progressively greater services including e-enabling the process of regulatory clearances by centre and state authorities
- Combined application form and a common register to be developed for Make in India applications for approvals
- Multiple returns required to be submitted for different departments to be replaced by a single simplified monthly/quarterly return.
- A single window clearance for units in NIMZ.
Additionally, the Government has proposed incentives for:
- Transfer of Assets
- Investment in Technology, especially Green Tech
- Special incentives for SMEs
A key part of the Make in India initiative is the proposed introduction of an easier “exit policy” for businesses
Investments have been opened in sectors including Defence, Railways, Space, etc. Regulatory policies have been relaxed to facilitate investments and ease of doing business.
Six industrial corridors are being developed across various regions of the country. Industrial Cities will also come up along these corridors.
Businesses and Foreign Investors remain optimistic about the Governments efforts to ease investment. Foreign Direct Investment is at an all-time high as are the leading stock market indices. Investors are keeping a close eye on the recent GST reforms to see if this makes a positive impact, progress on the Ease of doing business rankings and the Governments actions to provide regulatory certainty. Businesses have previously complained about regulatory and taxation uncertainty as a key factor in deferring investment decisions. In the meantime, Make in India is continuing to open investment opportunities.